blockchain

A blockchain is a continuously growing list of digital transactions (digital ledger) that occur within a nodal network, with the ledger being updated at regularly timed intervals in segments called …

CASL – Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation

CASL is a new anti-spam law that will apply to all electronic messages (i.e. email, texts) organizations send in connection with a “commercial activity.” Its key feature requires Canadian and …

Data Portability

Data portability refers to the transfer of personal data from one data controller to another. Data portability requires common technical standards to facilitate the transfer from one data controller to …

GDPR – General Data Protection Regulations (EU)

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation intended to strengthen and unify data protection for all individuals within the European Union (EU). It also addresses the export of …

Hyperledger

Hyperledger (or the Hyperledger project) is an umbrella project of open source blockchains and related tools, started in December 2015 by the Linux Foundation, to support the collaborative development of …

IP, PIP – (Personal) Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property (“IP”), or Personal Intellectual Property (“PIP”) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks. It also …

PAI – Personal Activity Information

Personal Activity Information (PAI) is a type of personal data that encompasses any type of personally collectable activity related information, including (but not limited to); internet activities, browsing and click …

PDFP – Personal Data Formatting Protocol

Personal Data Formatting Protocol (or “PDFP”) is a standardized protocol for structuring and formatting personal data in website code, web application code and for data portability files, which is being …

PDTP – Personal Data Transfer Protocol

Personal Data Transfer Protocol (or “PDTP”) is a standardized data transfer protocol for transferring personal data over the internet, which is being proposed by the KnoMe Personal Data Protocol Consortium …

Personal Data

Personal Data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (“data subject”); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular …

PII – Personally Identifiable Information

Personally Identifiable Information (PII), or Sensitive Personal information (SPI), as used in information security and privacy laws, is information that can be used on its own or with other information …

Privacy Act of 1974 (USA)

The Privacy Act of 1974 establishes a code of fair information practices that governs the collection, maintenance, use, and dissemination of information about individuals that is maintained in systems of …

psychographic

Psychographics can be defined as a qualitative methodology used to describe consumers on psychological attributes. Psychographics has been applied to the studies of personality, values, opinions, attitudes, interests, activities and …