Personal Data

Personal Data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (“data subject”); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person…
The EU GDPR definition »

The USA currently does not have legislation that specifically defines “personal data”, but has regulations which cover such issues in the Privacy Act of 1974 ».

Canada currently defines “personal information” in the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) as:
personal information includes any factual or subjective information, recorded or not, about an identifiable individual. This includes information in any form, such as:

  • age, name, ID numbers, income, ethnic origin, or blood type;
  • opinions, evaluations, comments, social status, or disciplinary actions; and
  • employee files, credit records, loan records, medical records, existence of a dispute between a consumer
  • and a merchant, intentions (for example, to acquire goods or services, or change jobs).

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